Phase 1 survey

A phase 1 survey might seem to be a complex jargon for the people who are not aware of this term. However, this article will guide you about the phase 1 survey in easy terms.

A phase 1 survey is designed to list down and map the habitats present in the area. It has further uses that are quite helpful to find out the impact of any developments on the habitats. This survey also helps to find out what other surveys are needed to be conducted in an area.

A phase 1 habitat survey marked according to the guidelines set down by the (JNCC). This refers to the structure of landscape and vegetation present in an area. The habitat definitions and map color schemes are used to generate maps of different areas. These maps are then compared to get an area comparison on a national level.

It is an ecological assessment of an area and boundaries are marked. Its importance lies in the fact that many species of animals are going extinct and hence steps need to be taken to ensure their preservation. Also, humans are growing at a fast pace and urbanization might seem to be an advancement in their lives, it is a breach in the habitat of many species.

Various highways, dams, resorts, and other recreational structures built far away from the urban world are impacting the nature and ecosystem. They are destroying the habitat of multiple species. Real estate is expanding out and hence phase 1 surveys need to be conducted.

The ecologist also looks out for any water bodies and other natural features in that area. All the plant and animal species are also searched deeply. If any such thing is found, it’s habitat is tracked and the boundaries are marked. These surveys are normally conducted in spring and autumn so that all of the species can be identified. This is the weather when none of the living species are in the dormant state hence it is the best time.

Phase 1 habitat survey has various stages that are started step by step depending upon the nature of species found on the land being surveyed. The first step includes the ecological survey of an area where an ecologist visits the site and finds out any rare species and marks them. The second stage is extended phase 1 survey. As the name suggests, the extended phase 1 survey is a more detailed analysis of the site and species on site. Local evidence records are studied and the ecologists dig deep to find out about the species that are rare or have gone extinct.


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